مقدمه عن نظام التير
What is the 'TIR' System?
"TIR" stands for Transports Internationaux Routiers (International Road Transport) and is an international Customs transit system. TIR is the only universal transit system that allows the goods to transit from a country of origin to a country of destination in sealed load compartments with Customs control recognition along the supply chain. This minimises administrative and financial burdens and Customs duties and taxes that are due will be covered by an international guarantee system.
The TIR system was created to facilitate trade and transport whilst implementing an international harmonised system of Customs control that effectively protects the revenue of each Country through which goods are carried. In 1949, shortly after World War II, the first TIR Agreement was concluded between a small number of European countries and led to the elaboration of the TIR Convention in 1954 under the umbrella of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
TIR System Actors
|The International Road Transport Union (IRU)
Implements the TIR System under UN mandate.
|TIR Carnet Holders
Transport operators who perform TIR transport operations.
|United Nations bodies
oversee the TIR System and multilateral transport legislation at global level.
|Automobile & Touring Club of the U.A.E (IRU Member Association)
Issue TIR Carnets, guarantee transport operations under TIR, grant access to the TIR System to transport operators in collaboration with national authorities.
Customs administrations, grant access to the TIR System to ATCUAE and transport operators.